Bonilla-Silva’s most persuasive and strongest claims in Race without Racists are the abstract liberalism and minimization of racism frameworks. Abstract liberalism is described as involving political and economic liberalism “in an abstract manner to explain racial matters,” while minimization of racism alludes to discrimination being “no longer a central factor affecting minorities” (Bonilla-Silva, Race without Racists, 28-29). In 2013, France’s National Ambassy outlawed the usage of the term ‘race’: “From now on, the word ‘racial’, as well as ‘race’, will be dropped from relevant articles of the French penal code, or replaced by the word ‘ethnic’” (Harvey Morris, "France Fights Racism by Outlawing ‘Race’", International New York Times). France has a history of colonization and involvement in the deportation of Jews to concentration camps during World War II. In an effort to leave the past behind and reduce current racial violence, the French Ambassy relinquished the surface-level infiltration of the concept of race and its legacy. France’s horrid past, its impact on its present and its incompatibility with the country’s current beliefs are evidence of what social psychologist Leon Festinger defines as cognitive dissonance, which is causing France’s leadership to erase what it perceives as the problem—race (Eshleman, O’Malley Halley and Vijaya, Seeing White: An Introduction to White Privilege and Race, 191). Bonilla-Silva’s infrastructure for identifying and analyzing color-blind racism is key to examining this phenomenon.
As France attempts to minimize racism through the implementation of abstract liberalism, the country fails to recognize that it is furthering the oppression of the racialized collectives. Academic writers in The Guardian—Alana Lentin and Valerie Amirauz—argue that the demise of ‘race thinking’ in France will result from the elimination of ‘racial’ and ‘race’ from the French Constitution and laws (Harvey Morris, "France Fights Racism by Outlawing ‘Race’", International New York Times). France’s minimization of racism utterly disregarded the past and contemporary discrimination of the status of minorities socially, economically and educationally (Bonilla-Silva, Race without Racists, 31). New racism will have an environment to manifest within; visible expressions of violence against individuals based upon race in France may be altered to more subtle expressions. Dominant actors will justify such occurrences by pointing to nonracial explanations, which will conceal the core of race’s existence and its systematic impact on populations.